Dental Implantology is concerned with the replacement of missing teeth and supporting oral tissues with dental implants. Dental implants are structures made of pure titanium that are placed on the maxilla or mandible to substitute the roots of lost teeth.
Titanium’s special property of fusing to bone, called osseointegration (“osseo” – bone; “integration” – fusion or joining with), is the biological basis of dental implant success. That’s because when teeth are lost, the bone that supported those teeth is lost too. Placing dental implants stabilizes bone, preventing its loss.
Along with replacing lost teeth, implants help maintain the jawbone’s shape and density. This means they also support the facial skeleton and, indirectly, the soft tissue structures — gum tissues, cheeks and lips.
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They offer a safe and permanent solution to substitute one or more teeth, functioning as a support for single crowns and partial or total, fixed or removable bridges.
With dental implants, the patient no longer has to use uncomfortable and unaesthetic solutions such as removable prostheses supported only by mucous membranes and can once again experience the comfort afforded by natural teeth.
Dental implants help you eat, chew, smile, talk and look completely natural. This functionality imparts social, psychological and physical well-being.
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What can be replaced with implants?
A tooth can be lost as a result of decay, connective tissue disease or trauma. Congenitally missing teeth are not very rare, either. Dental implants can be used to replace a single or several teeth. When a single tooth is missing, a fixed crown that replaces the missing tooth is planted onto the artificial root. If there are several missing teeth, bridge solutions can be built on the implants. Complete dentures can also be fixed using implants.
How is the treatment realized?
Artificial root treatment usually starts with an initial examination and planning of care, examining the condition of the mouth and mucous membranes, general health and medications, for instance. After the situation is evaluated, you will be instructed on the progress of the treatment. Radiographs are also often taken in connection with the examination.
The implant is installed in the jawbone in a minor surgical procedure. In most cases, the painless procedure is performed under local anesthesia. Oral, however, also offers the possibility of implantation under general anesthesia.
Depending on the case, the implantation area is allowed to recuperate for a few months. The duration of the recuperation period depends on several factors, such as age, extent of treatment and installation site. A missing tooth or teeth can be replaced with different temporary solutions for the duration of recuperation.
A dental technician fabricates a crown, bridge or complete denture that fits the implant(s) based on models. The technician’s work stage may take a few weeks. The finished solution can finally be fixed into the mouth and finalized. The number of visits required in artificial root treatment depends on the extent of the treatment.
What are the benefits of dental implants?
Dental implants feel very natural as they are implanted into the jawbone in the same way as real teeth and they function in the same way as natural teeth. Biting, talking or smiling are no problems because of this. In addition, it is nearly impossible to detect the difference between an implant and a real tooth. Implant treatment does not require the grinding of healthy teeth, as several prosthetic solutions do. Prosthetics fixed onto implants feel comfortable and keep well in place.
How long do dental implants last?
Implants can last for a lifetime. Daily thorough cleaning of the implants is, however, required for the dental implant to endure. Continuous maintenance by a dentist or oral hygienist is also necessary.
Dental implants, also known as artificial roots, can be used for replacing a missing tooth or teeth. An implant is a titanium screw implanted into the jaw bone in a minor surgical procedure. The painless procedure is usually performed under local anesthesia. The implant roots into the jaw bone for approximately six weeks. If an individual tooth is being replaced, a porcelain crown is built onto the artificial root after it has rooted.
When several teeth are missing, a bridge adhered permanently to implants can be used as the prosthetic solution. In jaws without teeth, implants provide considerably more support and permanence for removable prostheses when the prosthesis rests on artificial roots. Therefore, implants can give even removable prostheses a robust bite with the prosthesis keeping well in place.
Implants are suitable for nearly everyone. There is no upper age limit for implant treatment. In children and adolescents, artificial roots cannot be implanted before growth has stopped. In most cases, implant treatment is possible where ordinary dental care is, but you should discuss any general diseases and medications with the attending dentist.
Even though the implantation of one or more implants is usually performed under local anesthesia, it can be performed under general anesthesia as well in Oral. Success of the treatment is ensured with an individual at-home treatment plan and regular checkups and cleanings performed by a dentist and oral hygienist.